International Observer 2014

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March 2021 Vol. 40 No. 609

Geo-Political Data

Government Leaders of the World, 28th edition

(Issue contains 36 pages)


February 2021 Vol. 40 No. 608

Viewing the World

Conflicts and confrontations worldwide

Record heat in 2021, Guterres ready to serve 2nd term

Africa: Dispute over Ethiopian Nile dam goes on, Uganda president reelected for 6th term

Americas: Canada's Governor General resigns, Trump acquitted again

Asia: Ruling party in Kazakhstan stays, new president in Kyrgyzstan

Europe: New government in Italy, Portugal's president wins 2nd term

Middle East: Crown Prince in Oman, Gulf states make up with Qatar 

Oceania: Tonga president survives no-confidence measure


Geo-Political Data & Documentation

Government Appointments

Elections: Kazakhstan, Tobago, Uganda

Cabinet Directories:  Argentina, Belgium, Italy

(Issue contains 34 pages)


January 2021 Vol. 40 No. 607

Viewing the World

US back engaging in international affairs, Italian search for new government

UN calling on countries to declare climate emergency, 2 million COVID-19 deaths

Africa: Continental free trade area launched, Egyptian populists score high in elections

Americas: Bolivian president elected, major changes in Peru, US President Biden inaugurated

Asia: Pro-democracy party wins in Burma, Tajikistan president reelected fifth time

Europe: British European Union membership ended, Greek party found guilty, Russian regional elections

Middle East: Israeli nationalist party founded, younger candidates in Kuwait

Oceania: Fiji opposition leader elected, new President in Palau


Geo-Political Data & Documentation

Government Appointments

International Record

Elections: Bolivia, Burma, Georgia, Jordan, Lithuania, Moldavia-Transdniestria, Romania, United States of America

Cabinet Directories:  Sri Lanka, United States of America

(Issue contains 54 pages)



December 2020 Vol. 39 No. 606

Viewing the World

Conflicts and Situations of Concern


Geo-Political Data & Documentation

Documentation: Armenia-Azerbaijan Ceasefire

                        Sudan Troika Statement 


(Issue contains 46 pages)


November 2020 Vol. 39 No. 605

Viewing the World

Climate change, Spread of nuclear arms

Receding glaciers, expiration of START, Saudi Arabian uranium facility construction, missile tests

Africa: Continuing dispute over Ethiopia's Nile dam, protests in Egypt, attacks in Mozambique

Americas: Colombian insurgency, Mexican violence and crimes, US cyber attack warnings

Asia: State election in Bihar, Kyrgyzstan election annulled over vote buying charges

Europe: Tension around Cyprus, Czech Senate elections, Donbas fighting

Middle East: Rising tension over Israeli threat of annexation of Palestinian lands

Oceania: New Zealand Labour Party moves to top, Papua New Guinea disturbances

Government Changes: Libya, Mali, Somalia, Togo, Tunisia; Jamaica, Peru, Japan; Belgium, Estonia, Poland, Slovenia; Kuwait, Lebanon; Papua New Guinea


Geo-Political Data & Documentation

Government Appointments

International Record

Elections: Czech Republic, India-Bihar, Kyrgyzstan, Netherlands-Sint Eustatius, New Zealand, United Kingdom-Bermuda, United Kingdom-Guernsey

Cabinet Directories:  Guinea-Bissau, Kyrgyzstan, Trinidad and Tobago

Documentation: E3 Ministerial Statement on JCPoA


(Issue contains 36 pages)


October 2020 Vol. 39 No. 604

Viewing the World

Elimination of nuclear weapons

UN urging decarbonization of global economy, Unresoved crimes against journalists

Africa: Continuing dispute over Ethiopia's Nile dam, Unrest in at least 22 countries

Americas: Canadian Cabinet retreat, Jamaica Labour Party wins absolute majority

Asia: Congress Party urges Sonia Gandhi to lead them, Party merger in Japan

Europe: Radio Free Europe returns to Hungary, Catalonia president disqualified again

Middle East: Turkey continues gas & oil exploration in eastern Mediterranean

Oceania: Bougainville elects new legislature and president working toward independence

Government Changes: Mali, Togo, Jamaica, Belgium, Kuwait, Papua New Guinea-Bougainville


Geo-Political Data & Documentation

International Record

Election: Jamaica

Cabinet Directories:   Equatorial Guinea, Japan, Mozambique, Tunisia

Documentation: Japan Policy Address


(Issue contains 40 pages)


September 2020 Vol. 39 No. 603

Viewing the World

The pandemic

UN: General Assembly president praises member support

Africa: Côte d'Ivoire president stays, Mali government ousted in military coup

Americas: New conservative leader in Canada, leader imposed on Venezuelan opposition party

Asia: CPC further narrows freedom in Hong Kong, Japan's long-serving prime minister resigns

Europe: Belarusian president facing popular opposition is reelected, smaller parliament for Italy

Middle East: Jordan facing water loss, Palestinian factions united against annexation

Oceania: Australia facing cyber attacks, Solomon Malaita eying independence

Government Changes: Mali, Dominican Republic, Guyana, Trinidad, Thailand, North Macedonia

Geo-Political Data

Elections: Guyana, Montenegro, Sri Lana, Trinidad & Tobago

Cabinet Directory:  United States of America


(Issue contains 32 pages)


August 2020 Vol. 39 No. 602

Viewing the World

Ethiopia's Grand Renaissance Dam

UN: 79.5 million people were forcibly displaced in 2019

Africa: New Burundi president, Malawi election, head of government change in Tunisia

Americas: Failed attack in Canada, new president in Suriname, US presidential candidates

Asia: Afghanistan, China, elections in Mongolia and Singapore

Europe: French government change, North Macedonia, Polish election, Serbia

Middle East: Israel, Palestine, Syrian elections, Turkey, Yemen

Oceania: Kiribati election, Papua New Guinea

Geo-Political Data

Appointments and Changes

International Record

Cabinet Directory: France, Mongolia

Documentation: Russian Federation Human and Political Rights in 2019


(Issue contains 50 pages)


July 2020 Vol. 39 No. 601

Conflicts and Situations of Concern

(Issue contains 44 pages)


June 2020 Vol. 39 No. 600

Viewing the World


Attacks on Freedom of Information and Journalists

UN calling for strengthening against hate

Africa: Burundi ruling party stays in power, New prime minister and government in Lesotho

Americas: VHP leads in Suriname, Death of US Ambassador

Asia: Political rivals in Afghanistan agree on power sharing

Europe: Three months later Kosovo forms new government

Middle East: Iraqi government installed after two delays, Israel forms next government

Oceania: Niue elects new Assembly

Geo-Political Data

Appointments and Changes

International Record

Cabinet Directory: Vanuatu

Documentation: EU Council Conclusions on Security and Defense

Turkey: Human and Political Rights in 2019


(Issue contains 38 pages)


May 2020 Vol. 39 No. 599

Viewing the World

Pandemic emergency state misuse What's Ahead?

Global/International: Corruption

Africa: Protests in Ethiopia, No majority in Malian elections

Americas: Brazil's president facing investigation, Waning interest in foreign affairs in the US

Asia: Korean Liberals gaining seats, Chinese general threatens Taiwan

Europe: Germany blocks Hizbullah, Russian Arctic policy revised, UK policy review

Middle East: Rising Iranian nuclear stockpilke, anti-Erdoğan party formed

Oceania: Vanuatu elections, new prime minister and opposition leader

Geo-Political Data

International Record

Cabinet Directories: Finland, Israel, Lebanon, Sri Lanka, Ukraine, Uzbekistan

Documentation: US-Taliban Agreement 2020


(Issue contains 40 pages)


April 2020 Vol. 39 No. 598

Viewing the World

Putin's future? What's Ahead?

Global/International: Democracy under assault around the globe, UN Secretary General sees rising instability

Africa: Gambia's next constitution, Impasse in Guinea-Bissau, Abduction in Mali

Americas: Guyana election contested, Former US Vice President prospective presidential nominee

Asia: Two presidents in Afghanistan? Government change in Malaysia

Europe: Rule by decree in Hungary, New prime ministers in  Slovenia and Ukraine

Middle East:  Political polarization in Israel, Turkish opposition CHP highlights national issues

Oceania: Chuuk referendum delayed, No 3rd term for Bougainville president

Geo-Political Data

Appointments and Changes

International Record

Cabinet Directories: Poland and Spain

Documentation: Japan Policy of the Prime Minister, Russia Presidential Annual Address to the Federal Assembly


(Issue contains 48 pages)


March 2020 Vol. 39 No. 597

Viewing the World

Pandemic, Pressure on Afghanistan

Global/International: UN State of Global Climate

Antarctica: Brazilian station reopens

Africa: Cameroon election, presidential polls in the Comoros and Togo, South Sudan government starting

Americas: Brazilian senator shot, Speakers elected in Venezuela

Asia: Failed assassination in Afghanistan, no change in Azerbaijan after election

Europe: Irish election upsets governing party, new alliances prepares in Slovakia

Middle East:  Conservatives advance in Iran, Lebanese government wins confidence

Geo-Political Data

Conflicts and Situations of Concern - A Survey

(Issue contains 50 pages)


February 2020 Vol. 39 No. 596

Viewing the World

Putin's reform, International Record, Watchlist

Global/International: UN sees need for more Middle East diplomacy

Africa: Burundi candidate, resignation of Lesotho prime minister, Tunisia stalled

Americas: Guatemalan presidency, weak Peruvian Congress, Trump acquitted

Asia: Korean prime minister, Taiwan president reelected

Europe: Britain leaves EU, Greece elects 1st woman president, Russian constitutional changes

Middle East:  New Lebanese government, death of Omani ruler

Oceania: President of Marshall Islands elected, Tokelau elections

Geo-Political Data

Appointments and Changes

Cabinet Directories: Austria, Russia, United Kingdom


(Issue contains 38 pages)


January 2020 Vol. 39 No. 595

Viewing the World

Leadership Turnover in 2019, International Record, Watchlist

Global/International: UN alert about loss of native languages

Africa: End of CFA Franc, Ethiopian referendum, Mozambique Tunisia elections

Americas: Chile sets constitutional referendum, Surinamese president convicted of murder

Asia: Afghanistan elects president, Georgia fails to change electoral system

Europe: SPD elects new co-leaders, Poland tries to control judges, Russian agent law enacted

Middle East:  Israeli prime minister charged, continuing persecution in Turkey

Oceania: Bougainville choses independence

Geo-Political Data

Directory: Political Leaders of the World Heads of State and Government

(Issue contains 58 pages)


December 2019 Vol. 38 No. 594

Viewing the World

Forthcoming trial, International Record

Global/International: A warmer Arctic with less ice

Africa: New president in Algeria, governing SWAPO stays in Namibia

Americas: Restoration of prime minister's position in Cuba, US candidate changes

Asia: Defending Tibetan rights to choose Dalai Lama, anti-Muslim move in India

Europe: New EU Commission, Russian human rights body changes, Tory election win in UK

Middle East:  Resignations in Iraq and Lebanon, new arrests of Turkish Kurdish mayors

Oceania: Marshall Islands elections, deaths of Cook Islands High Commissioner and PNG deputy

Geo-Political Data & Documentation

 Directory: European Commission (EC)

Speech from the Throne in Canada and United Kingdom

NATO London Declaration 2019

(Issue contains 40 pages)



November 2019 Vol. 38 No. 593

Viewing the World

American media launch Protect Press Freedom, Watchlist

Global/International: Internet suppression, record load of heat-trapping gas dumped into atmosphere

Africa: Botswana election gain, Mauritian socialists heading government

Americas: Argentina elections Peronists return, Bolivia & Uruguay changes

Asia: Cambodian opposition persecuted, Thai capital change?

Europe: EU Commission ready, Moldova & Romania changes, UK proroguing faulted

Middle East:  Kuwaiti foreign minister moves up, Turkish ex-prime minister forms party

Oceania: Fiji suspension motion defeated, PNG opposition joins government

Geo-Political Data & Documentation

Appointments and Changes

Cabinet Directory: Canada 2nd Trudeau Cabinet

International Violence in 2018

(Issue contains 42 pages)



October 2019 Vol. 38 No. 592

Viewing the World

British retreat from the EU,  Supporting the US Foreign Service, Watchlist, International Record

Global/International: Election of UN Human Rights Council members, UN SG warning of nuclear arms

Africa: Mozambique president reelected, new president in Tunisia

Americas: Bolivian ruling party loses majority, Liberals slip in Canada, death of US Democrat

Asia: US-Taliban talks in limbo, drastic cabinet changes in Japan, KMT candidate

Europe: Opposition gains in  Kosovo, PiS in Poland keeps majority, Socialists win in Portugal

Middle East:  West Bank annexations, Turkish AKP stalwart leaves party, UAE council elected

Oceania: New president and cabinet in Nauru, Tonga prime minister dies and new president

Geo-Political Data & Documentation

Cabinet Directories: Denmark, Germany, Italy, Japan, Sudan, Ukraine

United Kingdom: Speech from the Throne


(Issue contains 42 pages)



September 2019 Vol. 38 No. 591

Viewing the World

Lack of US policy process,  Watchlist, International Record

Africa: Cameroonian Anglophone leader sentenced, Congo prime minister takes office

Americas: Amazon rain forest fires catch world's attention, several Republican candidates in US ready for primary challenge

Asia: Indian state elections, South Korea stops intelligence exchange with Japan

Europe: Austrian conservatives remain first in elections, Italian prime minister continues with new government

Middle East:  No majority party in Israreli elections, Turkey prepares for judicial reform

Oceania: Australia to hold referendum on recognition of indigenous citizens, Tuvalu prime minister loses election and position

Appointments and Changes

Geo-Political Data

Cabinet Directories: Australia, Austria, France, India, Israel, United Kingdom, United States of America

(Issue contains 52 pages)


August 2019 Vol. 38 No. 590

Viewing the World: US agreement with Taliban is raising grave concerns, Watchlist, International Record

Global/International: UN warning of resource exploitation

Africa: Ethiopian coup attempt, Mauritanian presidency, Sudan interim rule

Americas: New president in Guatemala election, fewer US candidates

Asia: Kashmir loses autonomy and statehood, new Indonesian capital site

Europe: German SPD leader resigns, Italian coalition change, UK Parliament prorogued

Middle East:  Turkey places online content under state surveillance

Oceania: Nauru president loses seat in election, Papua New Guinea referendum delay

Appointments and Changes

Geo-Political Data: Conflicts and Developments of Concern

 Documentation: G7 Summit Leaders' Declaration and Statements


(Issue contains 66 pages)


July 2019 Vol. 38 No. 589

Viewing the World: Foreign interest is waning in US

Global/International: New UNSC non-permanent members, Brazil major non-NATO ally, International Record

Africa: Death of former President Morsi, Mauritanian presidential election, Togo term cut

Americas: Guatemala election, new prime minister in Haiti, more US candidates

Asia: Speaker change in India, no super majority in Japan, Kazakhstan presidency

Europe: EU Record, Danish election, political murder in Germany, Russian internet

Middle East:  Tense Iran-US relations, new arrests of Turkish officials

Oceania: New Governor General in Australia, Solomon Islands chose head of state

Geo-Political Data: Maritime, Territorial and Water Claims and Disputes

 Documentation: First speech of Boris Johnson upon taking office as UK Prime Minister


(Issue contains 46 pages)


June 2019 Vol. 38 No. 588

Viewing the World: G20, European Union, United Kingdom, United States, Saudi Arabia, Sudan

Global/International: UNSG support for a united Europe

Africa: Congo (DR) new prime minister, Malawi and South African elections

Americas: Haiti cabinet changes, Panama general and presidential elections

Asia: India overwhelming victory for BJP

Europe: European Parliament elections, First woman Chancellor in Austria

Middle East:  Israel dissolution of Knesset

Oceania: Australia general elections, Papua New Guinea prime minister leaves

Appointments and Changes

Geo-Political Data & Documentation: China military and security developments


(Issue contains 38 pages)


May 2019 Vol. 38 No. 587

Viewing the World: Declining biodiversity, shrinking US government, crackdown on Saudi dissent

Africa: Algerian election, extended term for Egyptian president, Sudan takeover

Americas: Former Brazilian president arrested, Russian interference in US election  inquiry

Asia: Constitutional reform in Burma, Indonesian president reelected, new emperor of Japan

Europe: EP group suspends Hungarian FiDeSz, French constitutional reform, newcomer in Ukraine

Middle East:  No majority party in Israel, continued persecution of Turkey's former ally

Oceania: No winning majority in the Solomon Islands, return of prime minister

Geo-Political Data: International Record

Cabinet Directories: Mexico and South Africa

Documentation: US intelligence assessment Threats in 2019


(Issue contains 38 pages)



April 2019 Vol. 38 No. 586

Viewing the World: Power struggle between US President and House of Representatives

Press Freedom Climate of fear, hatred of journalists

Africa: Presidential elections in the Comoros and Senegal, death of Somali minister

Americas: Cuban constitution approved, Mexican National Guard set up, US national emergency

Asia: Kazakhstan's president resigns, capital renamed, Thai general election

Europe: EU Record, Bosnian upper house formed, Slovakia elects first woman president

Middle East:  Iraqi Kurdish parties approve new pact, Turkish Speaker elected

Oceania: Micronesian president fails getting elected, Nauru considering longer legislative term

Geo-Political Data: International Record

Cabinet Directories: Cambodia, Canada, Egypt, India, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkey

Documentation: Southern European Union States Summit


(Issue contains 52 pages)


March 2019 Vol. 38 No. 585

Viewing the World: Polarizing Brazil, Chinese Polar fever, Egyptian anti-press measures, US congressional and presidential election campaign, Italian intra-party tensions,Turkish president's continuing drive toward a neo-Ottoman state

Developments of Concern: Burkina Faso, Kenya, Colombia, Venezuela, Burma, Ukraine, Syria

Global: UN's reiterated warning against the threat of climate change

Africa:  Cameroon government change, Guinea-Bissau elections, Nigeria's ruling party stays

Americas: Brazil's new government takes office,new US Speaker elected

Asia: Kazakhstan's capital named after president, new royal head in Malaysia

Europe: Republic of North Macedonia named, Swedish cabinet approved

Middle East:  Lebanon forms government 8 months after election, continuing purge of Turkish military

Oceania: Elections in Fiji

Geo-Political Data: Cabinet Directory Brazil

Documentation: Policy of Japan's Prime Minister, US State of the Union 2019


(Issue contains 30 pages)


February 2019 Vol. 38 No. 584

Viewing the World: Political freedom Democracy in Retreat!

Geo-Political Data: Political Leaders of the World Heads of State and Government 27th edition

(Issue contains 48 pages)


January 2019 Vol. 38 No. 583

Viewing the World: China deepening its influence

Global: UN warning against populism

Africa:  Congo (DR) elections, Gambia cleanup, Togo election boycott, Zimbabwe party formed

Americas: Bolivia 4th term, Cuban constitutional referendum, US Democratic Party win

Asia: Bangladesh Awami gaining, Indian state elections, renewed campaigning in Thailand

Europe: European army, Germany new CDU leader, Swiss referenda

Middle East:  Bahrain elections, Jordanian land return, Palestinian legislature dissolved

Oceania: Papua New Guinea Bougainville referendum, Vanuatu new party leader

Governments, Appointments and Changes

Geo-Political Data: Cabinet Directories France and Japan

(Issue contains 38 pages)



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