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ISSN: 1075-4644

GLOBAL SURVEY Vol. 4 No. 7M  2018

 

 

TITLES, POSITIONS, RANKS

13th Edition

 

This expanded and updated edition is designed to provide accurate and useful information on the subject matter covered. Every reasonable effort is made to include current data from authoritative sources and verify its accuracy.

 

Amir, Emir

Hereditary ruler of an emirate; originally delegate of the caliph (prince, commander, Arabic).

 

Begum

Courtesy title for high-born lady (India, Pakistan).

 

Caïd

See qa’id.

Chaudhry/Chouhry/Chaudhari/Chowdhury

Village leader (Bangladesh, India).

 

Datin

Esteemed senior lady (Malay).

Dato

Esteemed senior (Malay).

Datuk

Honorific title (Malay).

Datuk Seri

Highest honorific title (Malay).

Dear Leader

Adulatory address of North Korean leader Kim Chong-il (1941-2011).

 

fon

Traditional ruler (Cameroon).

Fürsprecher

Attorney (Switzerland).

 

khan

Muslim title of respectability; lord; formerly Mongolian or Turkic ruler (Turkish).

Khokimat

Executive at regional, district and city level (Uzbekistan).

 

lalla

Lady (Arabic).

Landammann

President of a canton (Switzerland).

Landrat

County head (Germany).

 

makhdom, makhdoom

Master (Arabic).

malik

King (Arabic); jalalah al malik His Majesty.

murshid

The leader or Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood (al-Ikhwan al-Muslimin) in Egypt.

 

naib

deputy (Pakistan).

nazim, nazimeen (Plural)

Head of Union Council of a district (Pakistan).

 

Obmann, Obfrau

Chairman, chairwoman, president (Switzerland).

Ould

son of (Mauritania).

 

Qadi

Islamic judge.

Qa’id

District or tribal chief (Algeria), commander, leader, master (Arabic); also caïd.

Quaid-i-Azam

The great leader of Pakistan, i.e. Mohammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948).

qutb

Pivot (Arabic).

 

pir

Guide (Persian).

 

Raja#

Indian prince; sultan in Malaysia.

Rana#

Indian prince.

Rani#

Indian princess.

Ratu

Inherited rank of Fijian families of chiefs.

ra’is

Headman, captain, chief, also head of Palestinian National Authority (Arabic).

Regierungspräsident

President of Government District (Germany).

 

Shah

King (Persian).

Shazada

King’s son (Persian).

 

Shri

Indian title of respect, used especially when listing senior government officials, Mr. or Esquire (Hindi).

Shrimati

Indian title of respect for a woman, Mrs. or Lady (Hindi).

Sultan

Ruler (Arabic).

 

Tun, Tunku

Honorific title (Malay) used by noble people of royal lineage and inherited by the male descendants; most senior federal title.

 

Wali

Governor, central government representative (North Africa), vali (Turkey).

 

 

British Peerage

Peerages, titles of nobility, are granted by the British sovereign. A hereditary peerage is passed on to the oldest male offspring. A life peerage is awarded by the sovereign upon recommendation by the prime minister to a distinguished person and cannot be passed on to a descendant. Following are the grades of peers in descending order:

 

Prince and Princess (member of royal family and ranked above peers)

Duke and Duchess

Marquess, Marquis, and Marchioness

Earl and Countess

Viscount and Viscountess

Baron and Baroness

Sir and Dame

 

Government and Civil Service Positions and Ranks

United Nations (UN)

Secretary General

Under Secretary General

Assistant Secretary General

Director, Division/Office

Chief, Section

 

European Union (EU)/European Commission (EC)

President

Vice President

 

Commissioner

Director General, Department

Deputy Director General

Director, Directorate

 

Brazil

Minister

Secretary General

Under Secretary General

Department

Division

 

Civil Service: Level 1-6 (highest)

 

Canada (Public Service of Canada)

Minister

Deputy Minister

Assistant Deputy Minister

 

Director General

Director/Assistant Director, Branch

Chief/Assistant Chief, Division

 

China

Rank

1-3       Premier

4-6       Vice Premier, State Councilor

7-8       Minister, Provincial Governor

9-10     Vice Minister, Provincial Vice Governor

11-12   Director, Bureau

13-14   Deputy Director, Bureau

15-16   Head, Division

17-18   Deputy Head, Division

19-20   Head, Section

21-22   Deputy Head, Section

23-24   Section staff

25-27   Clerical staff

Source: EAI Background Brief No. 494, by Kjeld Erik Brødsgaard and Chen Gang. Singapore: National University of Singapore, East Asian Institute, 16 December 2009.

 

France

Minister of State (Ministre d’Etat)

Secretary General (Secrétaire Général)

Director General (Directeur Général)

Director (Directeur)

Assistant Director (Directeur Adjoint)

Sub Director (Sous-Directeur)

 

Germany

Federal Minister (Bundesminister)

 

Pay Grade

B 11     State Secretary

B10      Ministerial Director

B 9       Ministerial Director

B 6       Assistant Secretary     (Ministerialdirigent)

B 3       Ministerial Counselor  (Ministerialrat)

A 16     Ministerial Counselor  (Ministerialrat)

A 15     Director                       (Regierungsdirektor)

A 14     Counselor                    (Regierungsrat)

A 13     Counselor                    (Regierungsrat)

A 13     Higher Administrator   (Oberamtsrat)

A 12     Administrative Officer (Amtsrat)

A 11     Senior Clerk                (Regierungsamtmann)

A 10     Government Inspector (Regierungsinspektor)

A 9       Government Inspector (Regierungsinspektor)

A 8       Chief Secretary           (Regierungshauptsekretär)

A 7       Higher Secretary         (Regierungsobersekretär)

A 6       Secretary                     (Regierungssekretär)

A 5       Administrative Assistant (Regierungsassistent)

A 4       Senior Assistant          (Amtsmeister)

A 3       Higher Assistant          (Hauptamtsgehilfe)

A 2       Higher Assistant          (Oberamtsgehilfe)

A 1       Assistant                     (Amtsgehilfe)

Note: The English equivalent of the German rank is approximate.                                                               

 

India

Minister

Minister of State

Secretary

 

Indian Administrative Service (IAS)

Under Secretary

Deputy Secretary

Director General

Additional Director General

Director

Joint Secretary

Additional Secretary

Secretary

 

Indian Foreign Service

Ambassador/High Commissioner

Minister

Counsellor

First Secretary

Second Secretary

 

Japan

Minister

Parliamentary Senior Vice Minister

Parliamentary Vice Minister

Vice Minister

Deputy Minister

 

Director General, Bureau

Deputy Director General

Department

Director, Division

Chief

 

Russia

Minister

First Deputy Minister

Deputy Minister

 

Chief, Department (Otdel)

Chief, Main Administration (Glavnoye Upravleniye)

Chief, Administration (Upravleniye)

First Deputy Chief

Chief

 

Presidential Plenipotentiary Envoy  (polpred)

 

United Kingdom (UK)

Secretary of State

Minister of State

Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (not part of civil service)

Parliamentary Secretary (not part of civil service)

 

Senior Civil Service (SCS)

            Cabinet Secretary

            Permanent Secretary

3          Director General

2          Director, Department/Division/Directorate

1          Deputy Director

 

            Assistant Director

            Head, Department/Branch

            Head of Unit

 

United States of America (USA)

Executive Level

I           Secretary (of Department, ministerial level) and selected others

II          Deputy Secretary/Under Secretary and selected others

II          Administrator/Director, Agency

II          Administrator, Administration

III         Under Secretary and selected others

III         Administrator/Administration

III         Deputy Administrator, Administration

III         Director, Service

III         Chairman, Commission

IV         Assistant Secretary

IV         Associate Administrator

IV         Deputy Under Secretary

V          Assistant Director

V          Deputy Associate Administrator

V          Director, Bureau

 

Senior Executive Service (SES) for key positions below those of presidential appointees: Level V through I (highest).

General Schedule (GS): GS-1 through GS-15 (highest)

 

Director, Directorate/Office

Deputy Director

Chief, Division

Chief/Head, Branch

Chief/Head, Section/Unit

 

US Foreign Service

Senior Foreign Service (SFS)

FE-CA Career Ambassador

FE-CM Career Minister

FE-MC Minister-Counselor

FE-OC Counselor

Foreign Service Officers (FSO): Class 1 through Class 8 (highest)

Foreign Service Staff Officers (FSS): Class 1 through Class 10 (highest)

MILITARY OFFICER GRADES

AFRICA

 

Grade  Sv       Egypt                          Nigeria                        South Africa

11        AR       Mushir                         ---                                 ---                                

11        AF                                           ---                                 ---

11        NV                                           ---                                 ---

10        AR       Fariq Awwal                General                       General

10        AF                                           General                       General

10        NV                                           Admiral                        Admiral

9          AR       Fariq                            Lieutenant General     Lieutenant General

9          AF                                           Air Marshal                  Lieutenant General

9          NV                                           Vice Admiral                Vice Admiral

8          AR       Liwa                             Major General             Major General

8          AF                                           Air Vice Marshal          Major General

8          NV                                           Rear Admiral               Rear Admiral

7          AR       Amid                            Brigadier                      Brigadier General

7          AF                                           Air Commodore           Brigadier General

7          NV                                           Commodore                Commodore

6          AR       Aqid                             Colonel                        Colonel

6          AF                                           Group Captain             Colonel

6          NV                                           Captain                        Captain

5          AR       Muqaddam                  Lieutenant Colonel      Lieutenant Colonel

5          AF                                           Wing Commander       Lieutenant Colonel

5          NV                                           Commander                Commander

4          AR       Raid                             Major                           Major

4          AF                                           Squadron Leader        Major

4          NV                                           Lieutenant Commander  Lieutenant Commander

3          AR       Naqib                           Captain                        Captain

3          AF                                           Flight Lieutenant         Captain

3          NV                                           Lieutenant                   Lieutenant

2          AR       Mulazim Awwal           Lieutenant                   Lieutenant

2          AF                                           Flying Officer               Lieutenant

2          NV                                           Sub Lieutenant            Sub Lieutenant

1          AR       Mulazim                       Second Lieutenant     Second Lieutenant

1          AF                                           Pilot Officer                 Second Lieutenant

1          NV                                           Midshipman                 Ensign

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AMERICAS

 

Grade  Sv       Canada*1                              Mexico                        United States of America*2  Abb

11        AR       ---                                 ---                                 General of the Army

11        AF       ---                                 ---                                 General of the Air Force

11        NV       ---                                 ---                                 Admiral of the Fleet

10        AR       General                       ---                                 General                                   GEN

10        AF       General                       ---                                 General                                   GEN

10        NV       (Admiral)                     ---                                 Admiral                                    ADM

9          AR       Lieutenant-General     General de División    Lieutenant General                       LTG

9          AF       Lieutenant-General     General de División    Lieutenant General                       LTG

9          NV       (Vice-Admiral)             Almirante                     Vice Admiral                            VADM

8          AR       Major-General             General de Brigada     Major General                         MG

8          AF       Major-General             General de Brigada     Major General                         MG

8          NV       (Rear-Admiral) Vicealmirante              Rear Admiral3                                RADM

7          AR       Brigadier-General        General de Brigada     Brigadier General                        BG      

7          AF       Brigadier-General        General de Brigada     Brigadier General                        BG

7          NV       (Commodore)              Contra-Almirante         Rear Admiral4                                RADM

6          AR       Colonel                        Coronel                       Colonel                                    COL

6          AF       Colonel                        Coronel                       Colonel                                    COL

6          NV       Colonel                        Capitán de Navío        Captain                                    CAPT

5          AR       Lieutenant-Colonel      Teniente Coronel        Lieutenant Colonel                        LCOL

5          AF       Lieutenant-Colonel      Teniente Coronel        Lieutenant Colonel                        LCOL

5          NV       Lieutenant-Colonel      Capitán de Fragata     Lieutenant Commander    LCDR

4          AR       Major                           Mayor                          Major                                       MAJ

4          AF       Major                           Mayor                          Major                                       MAJ

4          NV       Major                           Capitán de Corbeta     Commander                            CDR

3          AR       Captain                        Capitán                        Captain                                    CPT

3          AF       Captain                        Capitán                        Captain                                    CPT

3          NV       Captain                        Teniente de Navío       Lieutenant                               LT

2          AR       Lieutenant                   Teniente                      First Lieutenant                        1LT

2          AF       Lieutenant                   Teniente                      First Lieutenant                        1LT

2          NV       Lieutenant                   Teniente de Fragata    Lieutenant Junior Grade  LTJG

1          AR       Second Lieutenant      Subteniente                 Second Lieutenant                   2LT

1          AF       Second Lieutenant      Subteniente                 Second Lieutenant                   2LT

1          NV       Second Lieutenant                                          Ensign                                     ENS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grade  Sv       Argentina                                Brazil                           Bolivia                        

11        AR       ---                                             ---                                 ---

11        AF       ---                                             ---                                 ---

11        NV       ---                                             ---                                 ---

10        AR       ---                                             (Marechal)                   ---

10        AF       ---                                             (Marechal)                   ---

10        NV       ---                                             ---                                 ---

9          AR       Teniente General                    General de Exército    General de Fuerza       

9          AF       Teniente General                                                        General de Fuerza Aérea

9          NV       Almirante                                 Almirante                     Almirante

8          AR       General de División                General de Divisão     General de División     

8          AF       General de División                General de Divisão     General de División Aérea

8          NV       Vicealmirante                          Vice-Almirante             Vicealmirante

7          AR       General de Brigada                 General de Brigada     General de Brigada

7          AF       General de Brigada                 General de Brigada     General de Brigada Aérea

7          NV       Contra-Almirante                     Contra-Almirante         Contra-Almirante

6          AR       Coronel                                   Coronel                       Coronel

6          AF       Coronel                                   Coronel                       Coronel de Aviación

6          NV       Capitán de Navío                    Capitão de Mar           Capitán de Navío

e Guerra

5          AR       Teniente Coronel                    Tenente-Coronel         Teniente Coronel          

5          AF       Teniente Coronel                    Tenente-Coronel         Teniente Coronel de

                                                                                                            Aviación

5          NV       Capitán de Fragata                 Capitão de Fragata     Capitán de Fragata

4          AR       Mayor                                      Major                           Mayor

4          AF       Mayor                                      Major                           Mayor de Aviación

4          NV       Capitán de Corbeta                 Capitão de Corveta     Capitán de Corbeta

3          AR       Capitán                                    Capitão                        Capitán

3          AF       Capitán                                    Capitão-Aviador          Capitán de Aviación

3          NV       Teniente de Navío                   Primeiro Tenente        Teniente de Navío

2          AR       Teniente                                  Tenente                       Teniente

2          AF       Teniente                                  Tenente                       Teniente

2          NV       Teniente de Fragata                                                    Teniente de Fragata

2          NV                                                                                           Teniente de Corbeta

1          AR       Segundo Teniente                   Alferes                         Subteniente

1          AF       Segundo Teniente                   Alferes                         Subteniente de Aviación

1          NV                                                       Guarda-Marinha          Alférez

0          AR       Subteniente

0          AF       Alférez

0          NV       Guardiamarína

 

 

 

 

 

Grade  Sv       Chile                                                          Colombia                    Ecuador/Peru            

11        AR       ---                                             ---                                 ---

11        AF       ---                                             ---                                 ---

11        NV       ---                                             ---                                 ---

10        AR       ---                                             ---                                 ---                                            

10        AF       ---                                             ---                                 ---

10        NV       ---                                             ---                                 ---

9          AR       General de Ejército                 General                       General de Ejército      

9          AF       General del Aire                      General                       General del Aire

9          NV       Almirante                                 Almirante                     Almirante

8          AR       General de División                General de División    General de División     

8          AF       General de División                General de Aviación   General de División     

                        Aérea

8          NV       Vicealmirante                          Vicealmirante              Vicealmirante

7          AR       General de Brigada                 General de Brigada     General de Brigada

7          AF       General de Brigada                 General de Brigada     General de Brigada

                        Aérea                                      Aérea

7          NV       Contraalmirante                      Contra-Almirante            Contraalmirante         

6          AR       Coronel                                   Coronel                       Coronel

6          AF       Coronel de Aviación                Coronel                       Coronel

6          NV       Capitán de Navío                    Capitán de Navío        Capitán de Navío

5          AR       Teniente Coronel                    Teniente Coronel        Teniente Coronel

5          AF       Comandante de                      Teniente Coronel        Teniente Coronel

Grupo

5          NV       Capitán de Fragata                 Capitán de Fragata     Capitán de Fragata

4          AR       Mayor                                      Mayor                          Mayor

4          AF       Comandante de                      Mayor                          Mayor

                        Escuadrilla

4          NV       Capitán de Corbeta                 Capitán de Corbeta     Capitán de Corbeta

3          AR       Capitán                                    Capitán                        Capitán

3          AF       Capitán de Bandada               Capitán                        Capitán                       

3          NV       Teniente Primero                    Teniente de Navio       Teniente de Fragata      

2          AR       Teniente                                  Teniente                      Teniente           

2          AF       Teniente                                  Teniente                      Teniente

2          NV       Teniente Segundo                   Teniente de Fragata    Alférez de Navío

1          AR       Subteniente                             Subteniente                 Subteniente

1          AF       Subteniente                             Subteniente                 Subteniente

1          NV       Subteniente                             Teniente  de Corbeta  Alférez de Fragata

                        Guardiamarina

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grade  Sv       Paraguay                                Uruguay                                  Venezuela

11        AR       ---                                             ---                                             ---

11        AF       ---                                             ---                                             ---

11        NV       ---                                             ---                                             ---

10        AR       (Mariscal)                                ---                                             ---

10        AF                                                       ---                                             ---

10        NV                                                       ---                                             ---

9          AR       General                                   General de Ejército                 Teniente General

9          AF                                                       General del Aire                      General en Jefe

9          NV                                                                                                       Almirante

8          AR       Mayor General                        Teniente General                    General de División

8          AF       Mayor General                                                                        General de División

8          NV       Vicealmirante                          Vicealmirante                          Vicealmirante

7          AR       General de Brigada                 General de Brigada                 General de Brigada

7          AF       General de Brigada                 General de Brigada                 General de Brigada

7          NV       Contraalmirante                      Contraalmirante                      Contraalmirante

6          AR       Coronel                                   Coronel                                   Coronel

6          AF       Coronel                                   Coronel                                   Coronel

6          NV       Capitán de Navío                    Capitán de Navío                    Capitán de Navío

5          AR       Teniente Coronel                    Teniente Coronel                    Teniente Coronel

5          AF       Teniente Coronel                    Teniente Coronel                    Teniente Coronel

5          NV       Capitán de Fragata                 Capitán de Fragata                 Capitán de Fragata

4          AR       Mayor                                      Mayor                                      Mayor

4          AF       Mayor                                      Mayor                                      Mayor

4          NV       Capitán de Corbeta                 Capitán de Corbeta                 Capitán de Corbeta

3          AR       Capitán                                    Capitán                                    Capitán

3          AF       Capitán                                    Capitán                                    Capitán

3          NV       Teniente de Fragata                Teniente de Navío                   Teniente de Navío

2          AR       Teniente Primero                    Teniente                                  Teniente Primero

2          AF       Teniente Primero                    Teniente                                  Teniente

2          NV       Alférez de Navío                     Teniente de Fragata                Teniente de Fragata

1          AR       Teniente Segundo                   Teniente Segundo                Teniente

1          AF       Teniente Segundo                                                                   Subteniente

1          NV       Alférez de Fragata                                                                  Alférez de Navío

0          AR       Subteniente

0          AF       Subteniente

0          NV       Guardiamarina

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ASIA-PACIFIC

 

Grade  Sv       Australia                                 India                                        Indonesia

11        AR       (Field Marshal)                        ---                                             ---

11        AF       (Marshal of the RAAF)            ---                                             ---

11        NV       (Admiral of the Fleet)              ---                                             ---

10        AR       General                                   General                                   Djenderal

10        AF       Air Chief Marshal                    Air Chief Marshal                    Marsekal

10        NV       Admiral                                    Admiral                                    Laksamana

9          AR       Lieutenant General                 Lieutenant General                 Letnan Djenderal      

9          AF       Air Marshal                              Air Marshal                              Marsekal Madya

9          NV       Vice Admiral                            Vice Admiral                            Laksamana Madya

8          AR       Major General                         Major General                         Major Djenderal

8          AF       Air Vice Marshal                      Air Vice Marshal                  Marsekal Muda

8          NV       Rear Admiral                           Rear Admiral                           Laksamana Muda

7          AR       Brigadier                                  Brigadier                                  Brigadir Djenderal

7          AF       Air Commodore                       Air Commodore                       Marsekal Pertama

7          NV       Commodore                            Commodore                            Laksamana Pertama  

6          AR       Colonel                                    Colonel                                    Kolonel

6          AF       Group Captain                         Group Captain                         Kolonel

6          NV       Captain                                    Captain                                    Kolonel

5          AR       Lieutenant Colonel                  Lieutenant Colonel                  Letnan Kolonel

5          AF       Wing Commander                   Wing Commander                   Letnan Kolonel

5          NV       Commander                            Commander                            Letnan Kolonel

4          AR       Major                                       Major                                       Major

4          AF       Squadron Leader                    Squadron Leader                    Major

4          NV       Lieutenant Commander          Lieutenant Commander             Santo Kaisa

3          AR       Captain                                    Captain                                    Kapten

3          AF       Flight Lieutenant                     Flight Lieutenant                     Kapten

3          NV       Lieutenant                               Lieutenant                               Kapten

2          AR       Lieutenant                               Lieutenant                               Letnan Satu

2          AF       Flying Officer                           Flying Officer                           Letnan Satu

2          NV       Sub Lieutenant                        Sub Lieutenant                        Letnan Satu

1          AR       Second Lieutenant                                                                  Letnan Dua

1          AF       Pilot Officer                                                                             Letnan Dua

1          NV                                                                                                       Letnan Dua

0          AR                                                                                                       Pembantu Letnan

0          AF                                                                                                       Pembantu Letnan

0          NV                                                                                                       Pembantu Letnan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grade  Sv       Japan                          Korea (ROK)3                         People’s Republic of China

11        AR                                           General of the Army                Da Yuan Shuai              

11        AF                                           General of the Army   

11        NV                                           Fleet Admiral                           Yuan Shuai

10        AR       Rikujo Bakuryocho      General                                   Shang Jiang

10        AF       Koku Bakuryocho        General                                   Kong Jun Shang Jiang

10        NV       Kaijo Bakuryocho        Admiral                                    Hai Jun Shang Jiang

9          AR       Rikusho                       Lieutenant General                 Zhong Jiang

9          AF       Kusho                          Lieutenant General                 Kong Jun Zhong Jiang

9          NV       Kaisho                         Vice Admiral                            Hai Jun Zhong Jiang

8          AR       Rikushoho                   Major General                         Shao Jiang              

8          AF       Kushoho                      Major General                         Kong Jun Shao Jiang

8          NV       Kaishoho                     Rear Admiral                           Hai Jun Shao Jiang

7          AR                                           Brigadier General                    Da Xiao4

7          AF                                           Brigadier General                    Kong Jun Da Xiao4

7          NV                                           Commodore                            Hai Jun Da Xiao

6          AR       Itto Rikusa                   Colonel                                    Shang Xiao

6          AF       Itto Kusa                      Colonel                                    Kong Jun Shang Xiao

6          NV       Itto Kaisa                     Captain                                    Hai Jun Shang Xiao

5          AR       Nito Rikusa                 Lieutenant Colonel                  Zhong Xiao

5          AF       Nito Kusa                    Lieutenant Colonel                  Kong Jun Zhong Xiao

5          NV       Nito Kaisa                   Commander                            Hai Jun Zhong Xiao

4          AR       Santo Rikusa              Major                                       Shao Xiao

4          AF       Santo Kusa                 Major                                       Kong Jun Shao Xiao

4          NV       Santo Kaisa                Lieutenant Commander          Hai Jun Shao Xiao

3          AR       Itto Rikui                      Captain                                    Shang Wei

3          AF       Itto Kui                         Captain                                    Kong Jun Shang Wei

3          NV       Itto Kaii                        Lieutenant                               Hai Jun Shang Wei

2          AR       Nito Rikui                    First Lieutenant                       Zhong Wei

2          AF       Nito Kui                       First Lieutenant                       Kong Jun Zhong Wei

2          NV       Nito Kaii                      Lieutenant Junior Grade         Hai Jun Zhong Wei

1          AR       Santo Rikui                 Second Lieutenant                  Shao Wei

1          AF       Santo Kui                    Second Lieutenant                  Kong Jun Shao Wei

1          NV       Santo Kaii                   Ensign                                     Hai Jun Shao Wei

0          AR                                                                                           Xue Yuan5

0          AF                                                                                           Kong Jun Xue Yuan5

0          NV                                                                                           Hai Jun Xue Yuan5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EUROPE

 

Grade  Sv       Austria                        Belgium-Luxembourg*6                     Denmark*

11        AR       ---                                 ---                                                         ---

11        AF       ---                                 ---                                                         ---

11        NV       ---                                 ---                                                         ---

10        AR       ---                                 Général                                               General

10        AF       ---                                 Général                                               General

10        NV       ---                                 Amiral                                                  Admiral

9          AR       Korpskommandant      Lieutenant-Général                             Generalløjtnant

9          AF                                           Lieutenant-Général                             Generalløjtnant

9          NV       ---                                 Vice-amiral                                          Viceadmiral

8          AR       Divisionär                    Général-Major                                     Generalmajor

8          AF                                           Général-Major                                     Generalmajor

8          NV       ---                                 Amiral de Flotille                                 Kontreadmiral

7          AR       Brigadier                      Général de Brigade                             Brigadegeneral

7          AF                                           Général de Brigade                             Brigadegeneral

7          NV       ---                                 Commodore                                        Flotilleadmiral

6          AR       Oberst                         Colonel                                                Oberst

6          AF                                           Colonel                                                Oberst

6          NV       ---                                 Capitaine de vaisseau             Kommandør

5          AR       Oberstleutant              Lieutenant-Colonel                              Oberstløjtnant

5          AF                                           Lieutenant-Colonel                              Oberstløjtnant

5          NV       ---                                 Capitaine de Frégate                          Kommandør-Kaptajn

4          AR       Major                           Major                                                   Major  

4          AF                                           Major                                                   Major

4          NV       ---                                 Capitaine de Corvette                         Orlogskaptajn

3          AR       Hauptmann                 Capitaine-Commandant                      Kaptajn

3          AF                                           Capitaine-Commandant                      Kaptajnløjtnant

3          NV                                           Capitaine-Commandant                      Kaptajnløjtnant

2          AR       Oberleutnant               Capitaine6                                           Premierløjtnant

2          AF                                           Capitaine                                             Flyverløjtnant 1

2          NV       ---                                 Lieutenant de Vaisseau                      Premierløjtnant

1          AR       Leutnant                      Lieutenant6                                          Løjtnant

1          AF                                           Lieutenant                                           Flyverløjtnant 2

1          NV       ---                                 Enseigne de Vaisseau/Lieutenant            Løjtnant

0          AR       Fähnrich                      Lieutenant

0          AF                                           Lieutenant

0          NV       ---                                 Aspirant de Marine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grade  Sv       France*                                   Germany*                               Greece*                     

11        AR       Maréchal7                                ---                                             ---                                                     

11        AF                                                       ---                                             ---

11        NV                                                       ---                                             ---

10        AR       Général d’armée                     General (Gen)                         ---

10        AF       Général d’armée Aérienne      General (Gen)                         ---

10        NV       Amiral                                      Admiral (Adm)                         ---

9          AR       Général de corps d’armée      Generalleutnant (GenLt)            Antistrategos

9          AF       Général de corps aérienne     Generalleutnant (GenLt)            Antistrategos

9          NV       Vice-amiral d’escadre             Vizeadmiral (VAdm)                Antinavarkhos

8          AR       Général de division                 Generalmajor (GenMaj)            Ipostrategos

8          AF       Général de division aérienne  Generalmajor (GenMaj)            Ipostrategos

8          NV       Vice-amiral                              Konteradmiral (KAdm)            ---

7          AR       Général de brigade                 Brigadegeneral (BriGen)            Taksiarchos

7          AF       Général de brigade aérienne  Brigadegeneral (BriGen)            Taksiarchos

7          NV       Contre-amiral                          Flotillenadmiral (FltlAdm)            Iponavarkhos

6          AR       Colonel                                    Oberst (O)                               Syntagmatarchis

6          AF       Colonel                                    Oberst (O)                               Syntagmatarchis

6          NV       Capitaine de vaisseau Kapitän zur See (KptzS)            Ploiarkhos

5          AR       Lieutenant colonel                   Oberstleutnant (Oberstlt)            Antisyntagmatarchis

5          AF       Lieutenant colonel                   Oberstleutnant (Oberstlt)             Antisyntagmatarchis

5          NV       Capitaine de frigate                 Fregattenkapitän (FKpt)            Antiploiarkhos

4          AR       Major                                       Major (Maj)                              Tagmatarchis

4          AF       Major                                       Major (Maj)                              Tagmatarchis

4          NV       Capitaine de corvette              Korvettenkapitän (KKpt)            Plotarkhis

3          AR       Capitaine                                 Hauptmann (Hptm)                 Lochagos

3          AF       Capitaine                                 Hauptmann (Hptm)                 Lochagos

3          NV       Lieutenant de vaisseau           Kapitänleutant (KpLt)              Ipoploiarkhos

2          AR       Lieutenant                               Oberleutnant (OLt)                  Ipoplochagos

2          AF       Lieutenant                               Oberleutnant (OLt)                  Ipoplochagos

2          NV       Enseigne de vaisseau             Oberleutnant zur                     Antipoploiarkhos

1ère classe                              See (OLtzS)

1          AR       Sous-lieutenant                       Leutnant (Lt)                            Antipolochagos

1          AF       Sous-lieutenant                       Leutnant (Lt)                            Antipolochagos

1          NV       Enseigne de vaisseau             Leutnant zur                            Semaioforos

                        2ème classe                            See (LtzS)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grade  Sv       Italy*                                        Netherlands*                          Norway*

11        AR       ---                                             ---                                             ---

11        AF       ---                                             ---                                             ---

11        NV       ---                                             ---                                             ---

10        AR       Generale di Corpo d’Armato8 Generaal                                  General

10        AF       Generale di Squadra Aerea9 Generaal                                   General

10        NV       ---                                             Admiraal                                  Admiral

9          AR       Generale di Corpo d’Armato   Luitenant-generaal                  Generalløytnant

9          AF       Generale di Squadra Aerea    Luitenant-generaal                  Generalløytnant

9          NV       Ammiraglio di Squadra           Luitenant-admiraal                  Viseadmiral

8          AR       Generale di Divisione              Generaal-majoor                     Generalmajor

8          AF       Generale di Divisione Aerea   Generaal-majoor                     Generalmajor

8          NV       Ammiraglio di Divisione          Vice-admiraal                          Kontreadmiral

7          AR       Generale di Brigata                 Brigade-generaal                    Oberst I

7          AF       Generale di Brigata Aerea      Commodore                            Oberst I

7          NV       Contrammiraglio                      Schout bij Nacht                      Kommandør I

6          AR       Colonello                                 Kolonel                                    Oberst II

6          AF       Colonello                                 Kolonel                                    Oberst II

6          NV       Capitani di Vascello                Commandeur                          Kommandør II

5          AR       Tenente Colonello                   Luitenant-Kolonel                    Oberstløytnant

5          AF       Tenente Colonello                   Luitenant-Kolonel                    Oberstløytnant

5          NV       Capitano di Fregata                Kapitein ter Zee                       Kommandørkaptein

4          AR       Maggiore                                 Majoor                                     Major

4          AF       Maggiore                                 Majoor                                     Major

4          NV       Capitano di Corvetta               Kapitein-luitenant ter Zee            Orlogskaptein

3          AR       Capitano                                  Kapitein                                   Kaptein

3          AF       Capitano                                  Kapitein                                   Kaptein/Vingkaptein

3          NV       Tenente di Vascello                Luitenant ter Zee 1                  Kapteinløytnant

2          AR       Tenente                                   Eerste-Luitenant                      Løytnant

2          AF       Tenente                                   Eerste-Luitenant                      Løytnant/Vingløytnant

2          NV       Sottotenente di Vascello         Luitenant ter Zee 2                  Løytnant

1          AR       Sottotenente                            Tweede-Luitenant                   Fenrik

1          AF       Sottotenente                            Eerste-Luitenant                      Fenrik

1          NV       Guardiamarina                        Luitenant ter Zee 3                  Fenrik

0          AR                                                       Vaandrig

0          AF                                                       Vaandrig

0          NV

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grade  Sv       Portugal*                                Spain*                         United Kingdom*10

11        AR       Marechal                                 Capitán General          Field Marshal

11        AF       Marechal                                                                     Marshal of the RAF

11        NV       Almirante                                 Capitán General          Admiral of the Fleet

10        AR       General de 4 Estrelas             General de Ejército     General

10        AF       General de 4 Estrelas             General                       Air Chief Marshal

10        NV       Vice-Almirante                        Almirante General       Admiral

9          AR       ---                                             Teniente General            Lieutenant General

9          AF       ---                                             Teniente General        Air Marshal

9          NV       ---                                             Almirante                    Vice-Admiral                   

8          AR       General                                   General de División    Major-General

8          AF       General                                   General de División    Air Vice-Marshal

8          NV       Contra-Almirante                     Vicealmirante              Rear-Admiral

7          AR       Brigadeiro                                General de Brigada     Brigadier

7          AF       Brigadeiro                                General de Brigada     Air Commodore

7          NV       Comodoro                               Contraalmirante            Commodore

6          AR       Coronel                                   Coronel                       Colonel

6          AF       Coronel                                   Coronel de Aviación    Group Captain

6          NV       Capitão de Mar e Guerra        Capitán de Navío        Captain

5          AR       Tenente-Coronel                     Teniente Coronel            Lieutenant-Colonel

5          AF       Tenente-Coronel                     Teniente Coronel        Wing Commander

5          NV       Capitão de Fragata                 Capitán de Fragata            Commander

4          AR       Major                                       Comandante               Major

4          AF       Major                                       Comandante               Squadron Leader

4          NV       Capitão-Tenente                     Capitán de Corbeta            Lieutenant-Commander

3          AR       Capitão                                    Capitán                        Captain

3          AF       Capitão                                    Teniente de Aviación  Flight Lieutenant

3          NV       Primeiro-Tenente                    Teniente de Navío            Lieutenant

2          AR       Tenente                                   Teniente                      Lieutenant

2          AF       Tenente                                                                       Flying Officer

2          NV       Segundo-Tenente                                                       Sub-Lieutenant

1          AR       Alferes                                     Alférez de Navío         Second Lieutenant

1          AF       Alferes                                                                         Pilot Officer

1          NV       Guarda-Marinha                      Alférez de Fragata      ---

0          AR                                                       Alférez Cadete

0          AF

0          NV

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grade  Sv       Switzerland

                        German/French/Italian

11        AR       ---

11        AF       ---

11        NV       ---

10        AR       General/Général/Generale

10        AF

10        NV       ---

9          AR       Korpskommandant/Commandant de corps/Commandant di Corpo

9          AF

9          NV       ---

8          AR       Divisionär/Divisionnaire/Divisionario 

8          AF

8          NV       ---

7          AR       Brigadier/Brigadier/Brigadiere

7          AF

7          NV       ---

6          AR       Oberst/Colonel/Colonello

6          AF

6          NV       ---

5          AR       Oberstleutant/Lieutenant-Colonel/Tenente Colonello

5          AF

5          NV       ---

4          AR       Major/Major/Maggiore

4          AF

4          NV       ---

3          AR       Hauptmann/Capitaine/Capitano

3          AF

3          NV       ---

2          AR       Oberleutnant/Premier-Lieutenant/Primo Tenente

2          AF

2          NV       ---

1          AR       Leutnant/Lieutenant/Tenente

1          AF

1          NV       ---

0          AR       Adjutant Unteroffizier/Adjutant Sous-Officier/Aiutante Sottufficiale

0          AF

0          NV       ---

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grade  Sv       Russian Federation               [Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)]

13        AR       ---                                             Marshal Sovetskogo Soyuza

13        AF       ---                                             Marshal Sovetskogo Soyuza

13        NV       ---                                             Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza

12        AR       ---                                             Glavnyi Marshal

12        AF       ---                                             Glavnyi Marshal Aviatsii

12        NV       ---                                             ---

11        AR       Marshal                                   Marshal

11        AF       Marshal Aviatsii                       Marshal Aviatsii          

11        NV       ---                                             ---

10        AR       General Armiy                         General Armiy

10        AF       General Armiy                         General Armiy

10        NV       Admiral Flota                           Admiral Flota

9          AR       General Polkovnik                   General Polkovnik

9          AF       General Polkovnik                   General Polkovnik

9          NV       Admiral                                    Admiral

8          AR       General Leytenant                  General Leytenant

8          AF       General Leytenant                  General Leytenant

8          NV       Vitse Admiral                           Vitse Admiral

7          AR       General Mayor                        General Mayor

7          AF       General Mayor                        General Mayor

7          NV       Kontr Admiral                          Kontr Admiral

6          AR       Polkovnik                                Polkovnik                               

6          AF       Polkovnik                                Polkovnik

6          NV       Kapitan 1-go ranga                 Kapitan 1-go ranga

5          AR       Podpolkovnik                          Podpolkovnik

5          AF       Podpolkovnik                          Podpolkovnik

5          NV       Kapitan 2-go ranga                 Kapitan 2-go ranga

4          AR       Mayor                                      Mayor

4          AF       Mayor                                      Mayor

4          NV       Kapitan 3-go ranga                 Kapitan 3-go ranga

3          AR       Kapitan                                    Kapitan

3          AF       Kapitan                                    Kapitan

3          NV       Kapitan Leytenant                   Kapitan Leytenant

2          AR       Starshiy Leytenant                  Starshiy Leytenant

2          AF       Starshiy Leytenant                  Starshiy Leytenant

2          NV       Starshiy Leytenant                  Starshiy Leytenant

1          AR       Leytenant                                Leytenant

1          AF       Leytenant                                Leytenant

1          NV       Leytenant                                Leytenant

0          AR       Mladshiy Leytenant                 Mladshiy Leytenant

0          AF       Mladshiy Leytenant                 Mladshiy Leytenant

0          NV       Mladshiy Leytenant                 Mladshiy Leytenant

                        Kursant                                    Kursant

MIDDLE EAST

 

Grade  Sv       Iran                              Israel               Jordan                        Saudi Arabia

11        AR       ---                                 ---                     ---                                 Mushir

11        AF       ---                                 ---                     ---                                 Mushir

11        NV       ---                                 ---                     ---

10        AR       Arteshbod                                                                                Fariq Awwal

10        AF       Arteshbod                                                                                Fariq Awwal

10        NV       Daryabod

9          AR       Sepahbod                    Rav-Aluf          Fariq                            Fariq

9          AF       Sepahbod                                                                                Fariq

9          NV       Daryasalar

8          AR       Sarlashkar                   Aluf                  Amir Liwa                    Liwa

8          AF       Sarlashka                                                                                Liwa

8          NV       Daryaban

7          AR       Sartip                           Tat-Aluf           Zaim                            Zaim

7          AF       Sartip                                                                                       Zaim   

7          NV       Daryadar

6          AR       Sarhang                      Aluf-Mishneh   Aqid

6          AF       Sarhang

6          NV       Nakhoda Yekom

5          AR       Sarhang Dovom          Segan-Aluf      Muqaddam                  Aqid

5          AF       Sarhang Dovom                                                                      Aqid

5          NV       Nakhoda Dovom

4          AR       Sargord                       Rav-Seren       Raid                             Wakil al Qaid

4          AF       Sargord                                                                                   Wakil al Qaid

4          NV       Nakhoda Sevom

3          AR       Sarvan                         Seren              Rais                             Rais

3          AF       Sarvan                                                                                     Rais

3          NV       Navsarvan

2          AR       Setvan Yekom                                    Mulazim Awwal            Mulazim Awwal

2          AF       Setvan Yekom                                                                        Mulazim Awwal

2          NV       Navban Yekom

1          AR       Setvan Dovom            Segen-            Mulazim                       Mulazim Thani

Mishneh

1          AF       Setvan Dovom                                                                        Mulazim Thani

1          NV       Navban Dovom

0          AR       Setvan Sevom                                    Talib Askari5

0          AF       Setvan Sevom

0          NV

 

 

 

 

 

Grade  Sv       Syria                            Turkey*

11        AR       Mushir                         ---

11        AF                                           ---

11        NV                                           ---

10        AR       Fariq Awwal                Orgeneral

10        AF                                           Orgeneral

10        NV                                           Oramiral

9          AR       Fariq                            Korgeneral

9          AF                                           Korgeneral

9          NV                                           Koramiral

8          AR       Liwa                             Tümgeneral

8          AF                                           Tümgeneral

8          NV                                           Tümamiral

7          AR       Amid                            Tuğgeneral

7          AF                                           Tuğgeneral

7          NV                                           Tuğamiral

6          AR       Aqid                             Albay

6          AF                                           Albay

6          NV                                           Albay

5          AR       Muqaddam                  Yarbay (YB)

5          AF                                           Yarbay (YB)

5          NV                                           Yarbay (YB)

4          AR       Ra’id                            Binbaşı (BNB)

4          AF                                           Binbaşı (BNB)

4          NV                                           Binbaşı (BNB)

3          AR       Naqib                           Yüzbaşı (YZB)

3          AF                                           Yüzbaşı (YZB)

3          NV                                           Yüzbaşı (YZB)

2          AR       Mulazim Awwal           Űsteğmen (ŰSTGM)

2          AF                                           Űsteğmen (ŰSTGM)

2          NV                                           Űsteğmen (ŰSTGM)

1          AR                                           Teğmen (TGM)

1          AF       Mulazim                       Teğmen (TGM)

1          NV                                           Teğmen (TGM)

0          AR                                           Asteğmen (ASTGM)

0          AF                                           Asteğmen (ASTGM)

0          NV                                           Asteğmen (ASTGM)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

 

*   NATO member state.

1Although the Canadian Forces use a uniform grade structure for their uni-service force, the former naval grades may be used internally.

2Same grades for US Army and US Marine Corps.

3Comparable grades

4Senior Colonel

5Cadet

6Luxembourg has a single service, i.e., army, armed force. Grades 1-3 are Lieutenant 2ème classe, 1ère classe and Capitaine.

7Not a rank but a designation of high honor.

8Designato d'Armato

9Designato d'Armato Aerea

10Same grades for Army and Royal Marines.

 

()  formerly used

 

AR Army

AF Air Force

MC Marine Corps

NV Navy

 

Reference

For titles of heads of territorial divisions, such as provinces, see Administrative Divisions of Countries, Global Survey, Vol. 48, No. 4X, November 2018.

 

Sources: Government announcements, IO database, A History of the Pacific Islands, by I. C. Campbell (University of California Press, 1989), Bundesrepublik Deutschland Haushalts Vorschläge, Oeckl Taschenbuch des Öffentlichen Lebens Deutschland, UK Civil Service Year Book, United Nations (UN), US Department of State

 

Completion: Includes information dated 10 November 2018 or earlier. Completed in November 2018.

 

(Replacing Titles, Positions, Officer Grades, 13th  Edition, Global Survey Vol. 46, No. 485/8M, November 2016.)

 


500

 

Published by The International Observer of Washington DC USA