Our 36th year
of publishing The International Observer
Noticed and Noted
Watching the US
There is growing cause for concern about its future course. Not only domestically after the “Election exposed the dark presence,
misogyny and anti-immigrant appeals,” as a major US labor leader noted but also abroad. Disregarding what the new president has uttered before but just the
proposed selection of key personnel and their known attitudes, the heavy presence of generals — there are already
references to the ‘American junta — their views, goals, associations are reinforcing unease. Uncertainty is caused
in part by utterances overblown in press reports during the election campaign and later denied, changed and often just forgotten as well as the continuing flow
of random twitter tweets. The inexperience of the incoming president in diplomatic and government affairs has added anxiety whether or how the US role and its
policies will shift. Of critical importance could be steps to boost nuclear arms to the detriment of moving toward further limiting their spread. Part of the
same threat to humanity could be deliberate damaging of efforts to delay or turn around the change of climate.
“The electorate has, in its plurality, decided to live in Trump’s world.
In the election of Donald Trump to the Presidency is nothing less than a tragedy for the
American Republic, a tragedy for the Constitution, and a triumph for the forces, at home and abroad, of nativism, authoritarianism, misogyny, and racism.
Trump’s shocking victory, his ascension to the Presidency, is a sickening event in the history of the United States and liberal democracy. On January 20, 2017,
we will bid farewell to the first African-American President – a man of integrity, dignity, and generous spirit – and witness the inauguration of a con who did
little to spurn endorsement by forces of xenophobia and white supremacy. It is impossible to react to this moment with anything less than repulsion and profound
Selected from The New Yorker newsletter, by David Remnick,
9 November 2016, 02:40 AM
China has no historic rights in the South China Sea. In a long expected finding on China’s claims, released on 12 July, the panel of five judges of the Court for Arbitration at
The Hague found the Chinese position without legal basis and contrary to United Nations convention, reported Reuters. Specifically, the tribunal rejected claims to economic rights within the ‘nine-dash line’ and found that Chinese
law enforcement patrols had risked colliding with Philippine fishing vessels in parts of the sea and caused irreparable damage to coral reefs with construction
work. The Chinese Foreign Ministry said it neither accepts nor recognizes the award which is null and void and has no binding force, noted
Xinhua. Cambodia and a number of African states over which China has some economic leverage also supported China’s
position that any resolution of claims in the South China Sea should be settled bilaterally without the interference of outsiders, such as the United States of
, prosecution of critics, and creeping religious influence by the governing party in a secular state were among reasons
for part of the Turkey’s military to launch an unsuccessful coup d’état on 15 July. Most of the action centered on capital and Istanbul but failed when the
president was able to convince a television station that he was alive and to gain public support and because only some of the military leaders supported the
Efforts by the Turkish president to gain total control of government and nation
(No. 553, July 2016)
European Union (EU)
United Kingdom votes to leave the Union
The United Kingdom conducted a popular referendum on the European
Union (EU) and the UK on 23 June in which 71.8 percent of eligible voters took part. BBC called it the highest
turnout in a UK-wide vote since the 1992 general election between Conservative John Mayor and Neil Kinnock of the Labour party.
The referendum of “Should the
United Kingdom remain a member of the European Union or leave the European Union?” resulted in support of leaving by 17.4 million or 51.9 percent of
votes cast against staying in the EU by 16.1 million or 48.1 percent. In England and Wales, support for leaving
was highest while Northern Ireland Scotland voted for staying:
England: 53.4 percent for leaving, 46.6 percent for staying;
Wales: 52.5 percent for leaving, 47.5 percent for staying;
Northern Ireland: 55.8 percent for staying, 44.2 percent for
Scotland: 62 percent for staying, 38 percent for leaving.
The referendum was vigorously pushed by Prime Minister David Cameron and approved by the
House of Commons on 28 May 2015 and the House of Lords on 14 December 2015 under the European Union Referendum
Act 2015. After referendum results were announced, the prime minister announced his resignation.
The European Union is reacting by favoring a quick separation. In
Scotland, support for independence and hope of staying in the EU is growing, and even in England a drive for petitioning Parliament to reconsider leaving
quickly gathered strength within a few days of the referendum. To be formally enacted, the UK must invoke Article 50 of the EU Lisbon Treaty of 2009. Since
the referendum was advisory and not mandatory, it is not legally binding. If early elections should be called, a different government could take the
unlikely decision not to pursue the course approved by a majority of voters.
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